Transcibed by Kristy Lawrie Gravlin -

The Town of Pavilion, Genesee County, New York

as taken from The Gazetteer and Business Directory of Genesee County, N.Y. for 1869-70; Compiled and published by Hamilton Child, Syracuse, NY, 1869.

Pavilion was formed from Covington (Wyoming Co.) May 19, 1841. Portions were annexed from LeRoy and Stafford, March 22, 1842. It is the south-east corner town of the County. The surface is hilly in the south and undulating in the north. Oatka Creek flows north through the town, a little west of the center. The soil is a fertile gravelly loam, underlaid by clay. Fruits are extensively cultivated.

Pavilion, (p. v.) situated on Oatka Creek, near the south border of the town, contains five churches, viz., Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Universalist and Roman Catholic; a hotel several stores and mechanic shops and about 200 inhabitants.

Pavilion Center (p. v.) on Oatka Creek, near the center of the town, contains a Union Church, a hotel, several shops of various kinds and about 20 houses.

Union Corners is a hamlet containing a Methodist Church.

There are in the town a grist mill, a saw mill, two heading mills, a rake factory and a broom factory.

The first settlement was made in 1809, by Peter CROSSMAN, James McWITHEY, Solomon TERRILL, Reuben BURNHAM, Joshua SHUMWAY and Rowland PERRY, settled in 1810. Mr. Perry is now living and has resided in the same place since his first arrival. Sylvanus YOUNG, Elijah PHELPS, Amasa ALLEN, Leman BRADLEY, Cyril SHUMWAY, Page RUSSELL, Samuel BISHOP, Loomis WALKER and Isaac WALKER came in 1811. Leman Bradley served in the war of 1812. Mary HILL, who afterwards became his wife, was one of the first school teachers. His father, J. F. M. BRADLEY, died December 11, 1868, at the age of one hundred years. Mr. Bishop is still living; he was in the war of 1812. Loomis Walker was also in the war and now receives a pension. Chester HANNUM came in 1816 and has always resided where he first located. Elijah CHENEY came in 1814, was in the war of 1812, taken prisoner and sent to Halifax, where he was kept until peace was declared. He was discharged at Boston without money and was compelled to beg on his way home. Among the other early settlers were Elisha ROGERS, Lovell COBB, James TOMPKINS and several brothers by the name of BURGESS.

The first death was that of a child of Reuben BURNHAM, in 1812. The first school was taught in 1813 by Laura TERRILL, from Vermont. Seth SMITH kept the first inn, in 1815, and Horace BATES the first store, in 1817, at the village of Pavilion. The first mill was erected by Bial LATHROP, on Oatka Creek, in 1816. The first church (Universalist) was erected at Pavilion village in 1832.

The population in 1865 was 1,611, and the area is 22,728 acres.

There are ten school districts, employing the same number of teachers. The number of the school population is 446; the number attending school, 372; the average attendance, 218, and the amount expended for school purposes during the year ending September 30, 1868, was $3,012.10.

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